With so many caves that exist in Africa, the San Cave Paintings are such remarkable landmarks you need not to miss to explore while on safari in South Africa. These amazing tourist site lies within the Ukhahlamba Drakensberg Park of KwaZulu Natal-Western Cape just next to border area with Lesotho. These caves are among the many caves in the eroded sandstone of Clarens Formation a layer below the thick, hard basalt layer along the Natal Lesotho border area. They feature numerous rock paintings by San-the renowned bushmen and they are part of the Drakensberg and showcases around 35000-40000 works of San rock art. The caves are the largest art works on earth. About 20000 individual rock paintings have been recorded at 500 distinct caves and overhanging sites between Drakensberg Royal Natal National Park and Bushman’s Nek.
Based on the kind of materials that were used during production, these caves are challenging to date although the anthropological evidence including those of most hunting equipment which the bushmen used in the Drakensberg date 40000 years and perhaps a century ago. Over 17 sites have been noted in this cave paintings and one of these is Sebaayeni cave with about 1146 individual paintings and the most ancient rock shelter wall within the Ginsberg is 2400 years ago while the paint chips date a thousand years back and they also exist in this area. This touristic site features the biggest and the most concentrated group of rock paintings in the continent South of Sahara and the exceptional both in quality and diversity.
The Bushmen are the natives in Southern African which today features South Africa and Botswana. The old rock paintings and carvings exist in the caves and on rock shelters. What is interesting is that, the caves’ artwork showcases the non-human beings, half human animal hybrids and hunters. The half human hybrids are said to be medicine men or rather healers who are engaged in healing dance. The Gall writes the Laurens van der post panel at Tsodijo features among the most popular rock paintings. On top on the Botswana side feature stunning red eland bull painted. There is also a female giraffe which is motionless like it has been alarmed by a predator. There are many pictures of animals that are showcased here together with flesh blood red handprint. Today, Lesotho and Drakensberg are popular for their San rock art and the Tsodilo were classified as UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2001. Much of these rock art are symbolic and metaphors for instance the eland bulls denote marriage and curing or the trace dance. It also offers visitors opportunity to explore the Bushmen history and lifestyles. The Bushmen used this artwork to note many things which occurred in their lives. The rock art for this case depict wagons and colonists. Interestingly, the Drakensberg also featured in the 2009 American science fiction film 2012.
Conclusively, the San Cave Paintings boast of its most fascinating history and artworks for you to explore while on safari in South Africa.